Archive For The “Travel” Category

A history of navigation at sea

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A history of navigation at sea

Around 4,000 years ago, the Phoenicians were the first Western culture to establish the skill of sea navigation (c. 2000 B.C.E. ). To navigate, Phoenician sailors relied on crude charts and observations of the Sun and stars.

Among the first equipment used by ocean navigators were maps, compasses, astrolabes, and callipers. Electronic and technical counterparts have essentially superseded traditional tools in the current era.

Among the first equipment used by ocean navigators were maps, compasses, astrolabes, and callipers. Electronic and technical counterparts have essentially superseded traditional tools in the current era.

Despite these early beginnings, worldwide maritime navigation would not be achievable for many centuries. Mariners were mostly coastal navigators until the fourteenth century. Sailing in the open sea was restricted to areas with dependable winds and currents, or to areas with a large continental shelf to navigate. The development of scientifically and statistically based processes and tools paved the way for new businesses.

 

Toolkits for Early Navigation

Using celestial navigation, it is quite simple to determine latitude. Mariners in the Northern Hemisphere might calculate their latitude by looking at the height of the North Star above the horizon. The angle in degrees represented the ship’s latitude.

 

The Compass of the Mariner

The mariner’s compass, an early variant of the magnetic compass, was one of the first human-made navigational gadgets used to guide seafarers. Because they didn’t comprehend the idea of magnetic variation, which is the angle between true north (geographic) and magnetic north, early sailors believed the mariner’s compass was frequently erroneous and inconsistent. It was mostly utilised when the Sun was not visible to aid in determining the direction of the wind.

 

Charts of the seas

Mariners began to recognise the value of maps in the mid-thirteenth century, and they began maintaining thorough accounts of …

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Travel Writing Seems Like a Great Way to Make a Living

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Travel Writing Seems Like a Great Way to Make a Living

One of my favorite things to do is to watch the Travel Channel and see all of those people that make their living by going from city to city and around the world, telling about their experiences. I have always thought that travel writing seemed like a great way to make a living, and if the opportunity ever presented itself, that is probably exactly what I would do.

I remember watching a show that was set in Dublin, Ireland. I am an American of Irish ancestry, so naturally, I was fascinated by all of the things the host was doing. He saw the usual tourist-type places and made the trip to Cork to kiss the Blarney Stone, but he also visited a lot of local pubs and restaurants and met lots of people. I think that is what I like the most about the idea of travel writing — getting to meet and interact with the locals.

I saw another show that was set in Ghana. The host was touring some villages and has worked in travel writing for a number of years. He said that it was culture shock for him at first, because the locals lived such a different lifestyle than he did. However, he said one of the things that struck him the most whenever he left was how much more similar he was to them than different, and he said he makes it a point to go back whenever he gets a chance. I love the idea of everyone being basically the same when it really comes down to the important things.

Travel writing also appeals to me because I am a great student of history, and I am fascinated with learning about different cultures. To be able to go and experience things first hand that …

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